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Ancient World’s Largest Stone Monolith Discovered in Lebanon

During an excavation of an ancient quarry in Lebanon, archaeologists from the German Institute of Archaeology had unearthed a titanic stone block that was dated to be have been created around 27 B.C.


Over the summer of 20014, a group of German archaeologists had found the stone (the stone is partially buried and pictured to the right of the two individuals in the center of the photograph) underneath a smaller, but still rather large monolith, in the ancient stone quarry of Baalbeck, located in modern-day Lebanon.

The goal of the excavation was to determine how ancient man cut, quarried and transported these megalithic components.

The large stone monolith sitting above the newly discovered megalithic rock monster measures 20 meters in length (65 feet), with a 4 by 4 meter (13 by 13 feet) diameter. The most recently discovered block is noticeably larger and is measured to be approximately 19.6 meters (64 feet) in length, 6 meters (19.6 feet)  wide and 5.5 meters (18 feet) high and estimated to weigh as much as 1,650 tons. Currently the new stone has not yet been fully unearthed, future excavation is planned and will reveal the actual entire dimensions of the massive stone.

Scientists theorize this stone was ordered to be cut for use in the construction of a large Roman temple, dedicated to their god Jupiter, in Baalbeck.

This quarry in Baalbeck is best known for the smaller segment of quarried stone named Hajjar al-Hibla or “Stone of the Pregnant Woman”. This mysterious monolith was allegedly named after a pregnant woman who tricked the gullible inhabitants of Baalbeck into feeding her until she gave birth. The story dictates that the unnamed pregnant woman told the native people, that she knew of a way to move the mammoth stone and would share the information with them if they continued to feed her until her child was born. Although not much information is currently available on the ending of the legend, but it would be safe to assume the pregnant woman did not move the stone.

Archaeologists theorize, that although these creations were destined to be used in the construction of a Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter, this stone as well as the other large stones in the quarry were rejected, due to poor quality. It is also believed that the most recent stone was meant to be transported and installed in one piece, if the theories are correct, the block will be the largest man-made stone monolith of the ancient world.

Presently this is the third massive stone to be discovered inside the Baalbeck quarry.


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