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Category: Biology

Superbug Threat May Decimate Population and Drain World’s Economy by 2050

Antibiotic resistant ‘Super Bugs’ are causing 10 million deaths per year and will cost the global economy close to $100 trillion by 2050. Every year bacteria are naturally evolving and becoming more resistant to antibacterial treatment. The overuse of commonly prescribed antibiotic treatments are creating this rapid evolution of normal strains of bacteria into super

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Enzymes Synthesised From Raw Material Other Than DNA & RNA

Artificial enzymes have been manufactured by scientists using raw materials other than the usual ones, DNA and RNA. Rather, the enzymes have been made from XNAs (xeno nucleic acid). The study might have far-reaching implications with the potential of shedding light on the emergence of life on Earth. The new type of enzymes might also

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Evolution of HIV Rendered It Less Able To Cause AIDS

A new study has suggested that the rapid evolution of HIV might, in fact, be a good thing. As the virus has reshaped itself to grow resistant to the immune system of the infected patients, it has also become less capable of causing AIDS. As a consequence, those carrying the virus in their systems develop

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Plasmid DNA Travels Into Space & Remains Intact

A new experiment has shown that DNA is stable enough to remain intact after a journey in space. Pieces of plasmid DNA were sent onto a rocket in space which thereafter returned to the Earth. It was then discovered that the not only did the DNA stay in the application spots, but it was also

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A Virus Which Makes Humans “Stupid” Observed

Scientists have stumbled upon a virus that can allegedly make us go bonkers. The virus which is known to infect algae was initially thought not to reach the human system. Technically, it might affect cognitive functions like visual processing and spatial awareness. The virus in question is said to live in green algae found in rivers

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Breast Cancer Slowing Drug Found in Sea-Sponge

Deep seas are often associated with precious treasures, perhaps because of hyped pirate stories? A sea sponge has, however, proved to be invaluable for breast cancer patients, more specifically those afflicted with TNBC. A drug, eribulin, was manufactured from the marine creature that has been shown to prolong the lives of patients who have reached

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Merciless Things That Happen To Dead Bodies At Sea

Is the decomposition of bodies at sea any different from the earthly one? A team of scientists attempted to document the action of sea scavengers on dead corpses of pigs. The study provides insight into how scavengers work on terrestrial mammals, and it also has great forensic value as the results can be used in crime-solving.

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Scientists Create New Blood Vessels in 7 Days From Stem Cells

Scientists have succeeded in producing fully effective blood vessels that can be grafted onto human beings. From samples of blood, the scientists have made blood vessels that were later incorported into the vascular system of three children. The method has proved to be safe and effective such that millions around the globe suffering from vascular

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Ancient Virus In Caribou Faeces Revived After 700 Years

Reviving ancient viruses seems to be the new cool for scientists. Awakening frozen subarctic viruses has been the subject of a few studies this year; the extreme cold temperatures and environmental conditions of the polar and subpolar regions are conducive for the conservation of life at the microscopic level, to such an extent that decades later,

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Origin of Mitochondria: Parasitic Bacteria

Humanity has always wondered about its very origin. The curiosity powering the human mind has even led him to question the origin of organisms and substances at the microscopic level. Man wondered as to how did the mitochondrion develop into the powerhouse of cells. It is a common theory that mitochondria come from bacterial cells

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Origin of HIV Traced to Congo back from the 1920s

HIV, wrecking societies worldwide, is but a reflection of the modern lifestyle people have adhered to, though the question as to where does it originate from exactly has been tricky to answer. A new study has brought forth results suggesting that it was spread from Kinshasa, the city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Watch Out: Haemoglobin-Like Material Which Absorbs & Saves Oxygen Created

A haemoglobin-like material has been manufactured by a team of researchers that might potentially decrease our dependence on heavy oxygen tanks for both patients with lung ailments and divers. The newly-created substance can absorb and save oxygen with the help of cobalt; this is pretty much like how haemoglobin works with the aid of the

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